A company Year End is the end of your business’s accounting period. The best way to find out the actual year end for your limited company is by looking it up on your company record at Companies House. Year end accounts is simply a summary of your limited company’s overall performance for an accounting year, which Fusion Accountants can help you prepare.
Year end accounts is a legal (and
often daunting) requirement for limited companies to prepare and file your
accounts and tax returns. Many business owners
worry about the consequences of getting it wrong and the impact it can have.
It was reported that businesses in London were
reported to be the top offenders for filing year end accounts late, with over 220,000
UK companies facing hefty
fines for missing the Companies House deadline.
Year end accounts can seem overly complex,
particularly if you are in your early years of trading, or have just shifted
status from sole trader to limited company
This needn’t be a complicated process, and, in this
article, we take a look at the basics of year end tax accounts and what your
limited company needs to do.
of year reporting
Every limited company has its own financial year.
This year always starts on the anniversary of the official start-date of the
company. This is specified as when your company was registered with Companies
House. So, the financial year ends the day before the anniversary of the
company start-date. This shouldn’t be confused with the tax year, which runs
from 6th April to the 5th April.
If this is your company’s first accounting period
it may mean you have to submit a few months more than your 12-month
year-end-accounts. In this case, you’ll need to submit an additional tax return
to cover the extra trading time.
Producing these accounts gives the business owner
valuable information about how their business is faring. It can help you
understand day-to-day operational costs, and all the other key costs of your
need to be filed with the HMRC?
You need to send your Company Tax Return (form
CT600) to HMRC. This contains details of
your turnover, expenses, tax allowances, profit, and other information. This is
done in the form of the company’s Statutory Accounts.
HMRC will use this information to calculate your
corporation tax liability. If you have an accountant, it’s likely they will
have calculated this figure for you before the forms are submitted.
Accounts (or Statutory Accounts)
A limited company’s Statutory Accounts or Annual
Accounts are the documents that are required to be sent to Companies House.
These are the documents that will outline and explain a company’s financial
performance throughout the year for both the HMRC and the company’s
Statutory Accounts are a summary rather than an
extensive record. Rather than individual transactions they will instead contain
overall income and outgoing figures for the company for the accounting
Statutory Accounts are made up of the following:
- Income Statement – the
company’s profit and loss for the accounting period.
- Statement of Financial
Position – this is the overall value of a company and is
otherwise known as the Balance Sheet. This reports the assets and liabilities,
and the total of the difference between them as they stand at the end of the
- Directors Report – unless
a company is a micro-entity, it will need to produce a Directors Report. This
is an annual report on the state of the company by the board of the directors.
– any extra information that helps to clarify what’s contained in the earlier
The Statement of Financial Position and the
Footnotes will be published by Companies House. This will be available for general
viewing and can be accessed on the Companies House website.
track of company accounts filing deadlines
It’s important to keep track of the deadlines for
filing accounts to the two different authorities. Limited companies need to
submit their year-end accounts to HMRC and Companies House.
- Submit your first accounts – 21
months after your company’s registration date.
- File subsequent annual
accounts – 9 months after the end of your company’s
- Pay corporation tax or inform
them the company doesn’t owe any – 9 months and 1 day after
the end of your accounting period.
- File your company tax return –
12 months after the end of your accounting period.
The deadline for paying any corporation tax is shorter
than the one for submitting your Company Tax Return. If you have an accountant,
they will be able to calculate how much is owed. Overpayments can be corrected
later. It’s good practice to submit your
tax return well before the deadline to ensure that you pay the right amount of
for missing a deadline
If you miss the deadline for submitting the
required documents to either Companies House or the HMRC you may be liable for
paying a penalty. In some cases, your
company will be struck off from Companies House register and you will be fined,
if you don’t send your accounts and/or Confirmation Statement when due.
If you’re late in filing your documents an
automatic penalty notice will be issued.
The late filing penalties issued by Companies
- Up to 1 month – £150
- 1–3 months – £375
- 3-6 months – £750
- Over 6 months – £1,500
- Over two years in a row –
penalties will be doubled
should I do to get ready for my Limited Company Year End?
When filing your limited company accounts, a good
accountant can help you understand what you need, or you can plough through the
detailed guidelines on the gov.uk website.
Working with an accountant will make the process of
preparing year end accounts less stressful and the best part is that you will
be eliminating the possibility of making costly mistakes, while potentially
saving your time and money.
you prepare for your Company’s Year End Accounts, there are a few steps you
need to take care of:
– you and your team should ensure you have all the
necessary information at hand to be able to complete the documentation and
submit on time.
overdue payments – to ensure your accounts
are as accurate as they can be it’s time to chase down those unpaid invoices.
your expenses – expenses reduce your Corporation Tax liability
so it’s important to ensure that all allowable expenses are recorded.
sure your figures match – all the figures in your
accounts should tally with the figures in your supporting documents. These
include receipts, invoices, and bank accounts. Make sure that any unpaid
invoices are listed as outstanding debts, rather than revenue.
your staff payroll data is up to date – make
sure that your staff
employment data such as payroll, benefits
and expenses are completely up-to-date and have taken account of staff comings
and goings during the financial year.
professional help from an accountant
The easiest way to remove the stress and headaches
of filing your Limited Company end of year accounts, is to get professional
If you don’t have the resources or the time to
manage this complex task it makes sense to seek the advice of a specialist accountancy
firm who can provide a variety of key services to make the filing process
If you need expert assistance with
year-end accounts, contact One Click
Accountants offer bespoke assistance you can opt for support that’s tailored to
your company’s exact requirements.
Mistakes while filing Limited Company accounts can
be costly. Getting tailored professional support can ultimately save you a
great deal of stress, time and money.