It is not the case of if the fine wine industry will be affected by the current coronavirus pandemic and the ensuing financial fallout, but rather how and when. Economists are predicting at least a global recession, with its length and severity yet to be determined. This will affect the fine wine market as it will affect all markets, with a number of particular considerations specific to fine wine investment itself that also must be taken into consideration. For example, the cancellation of many of the en primeur tastings due to safety concerns and the lack of international investors able to travel to sample and buy 2020 vintages. As the year has progressed, a clearer picture of the state of the market is beginning to emerge, so let’s take a look at some of the reports coming out of different regions and briefly analyse what this might mean going forward.
Firstly, the market continues to broaden. With 2nd quarter reports out from leading wine exchange Liv-Ex showing that the number of unique wines traded on the secondary market in the first have of 2020 was 37% higher than the same period during 2019. The share commanded by Bordeaux, historically accounting for up to 80% of all secondary sales, is now down to just 34%. A major contributing factor to this is wine originating from Italy, Spain, and the Rhone Valley all experiencing an exponential growth in secondary sales in 2020, averaging around a 140% increase.
It is not all bad news for Bordeaux, however. The Bordeaux 500 index, which tracks the sales performances of the last 10 wines taken from the top 50 Bordeaux labels, shows an annual decline of just 0.05% over the year-to-date. In March the index was in decline by several whole percent but is has bounced back and recovered by 2.2% as of July 2020. Of the best performing vintages, the Chateau Smith Haut-Lafitte comes out on top and is up 3.4%, with Chateau Rieussec a close second at 2.3%.
Elsewhere, other regions continue to see steady growth in-line with the broadening secondary market. Italian wine is the stand-out winner here; over the past decade their market share has increased a staggering 1500%. Its rise in popularity has no-doubt contributed to this new level of growth, as Liv-Ex reports the value of Italian wine traded on their exchange between January and August 2020 has already surpassed the entirety of 2019, with the total volume not far behind. The calculated compound annual rate of growth over the last decade for Italian wine in the secondary market is 9%. A major contributor to the success of Italian wine during the pandemic period is the immunity to the US trade tariffs which hit both the Bordeaux and Burgundy wines from France.
Rosé and Champagne have also been stand-out performers for 2020 thus far. Several major retailers, such as Corney & Barrow and Justerini & Brooks, have reported massively increased sales in these types of wine over the past six months. While the demand for all wine seems to have increased during the lockdown period, this wines in particular are coming close to selling out from many major providers. With customers having more time available to them, it seems that many are using the time to experiment with drinking wines and investment opportunities. Similarly, merchants are making use of their time to increase the volume of sales pitches being delivered remotely to offer wines to potential buyers. The gambit appears to have paid off, with some champagne vintages over-selling on their first offerings, forcing merchants to restock quickly to meet demand.
A representative from UKV International said, “prospects look good for the fine wine market, and its reputation as a recession-proof asset seems to be remaining in-tact so far. The market continues to broaden, with steady growth from numerous regions represented in the secondary market, and short-term demand for a number of wines seems to have increased dramatically during the lockdown period. It may indeed be a great time to consider further investment into these markets as the inevitable COVID-19 recession begins to take hold”
Of the best performing wines this year, Champagne, Tuscany, and Rhone all dominate the top ten. Wines from these regions account for eight of those top ten places, with growth between 8-14%. The best performing wine is the Burgundy Domaine de la Romanee-Conti, 2007 La Tache with a six-month performance of 15% between January 1st and June 30th, 2020.